Regulating fintech businesses: the Malaysian experience

Abstract

The Malaysian finance industry is governed by Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) and Securities Commission Malaysia (SC). BNM governs the banking and insurance industries and the SC regulates and develops its capital market. Both authorities have issued regulations to cater for the proliferation of fintech businesses. For example, BNM issued regulations on digital currency exchanges, electronic-know your customer requirements for fintech companies facilitating remittances, and a regulatory sandbox framework for fintech businesses. Similarly, the SC issued a digital investment management framework, another to facilitate equity crowdfunding, peer-to-peer lending, and digital asset exchanges, and the instrumental digital currency and digital token order. All were issued to encourage innovation in the industry, manage disruption, mitigate risks, and ensure consumer protection. This chapter will explain the steps taken by Malaysia’s financial regulatory authorities in dealing with fintech-based companies, critically review the regulations, and recommend some ways forward.

Keywords

Malaysia, Fintech, Businesses industry

Citation

Kunhibava, Sherin and Muneeza, Aishath. (2020). Regulating fintech businesses: the Malaysian experience. In Nader Naifar (Ed.), Impact of Financial Technology (fintech) on Islamic Finance and Financial Stability (pp. 149-173). Cham, Switzerland: IGI Global.

IGI Global

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