Waqf development in Marawi city via issuance of perpetual waqf sukuk


Since 2017, the city of Marawi was left in ruins after five months of aerial bombardments and close-quarter fighting between Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and government forces. Many buildings were destroyed; mosques and schools are no exceptions. While rebuilding efforts have begun in the city, the government has limited resources to fund city reconstruction and Waqf properties (e.g. mosques and schools) are not constitutionally considered as part of the government assets. Fortunately, the government seeks to channel funding for city reconstruction, including Islamic finance schemes. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the opportunities and challenges to rebuild Waqf properties through the issuance of Sukuk, Islamic bond. This paper adopts a qualitative research approach where secondary sources such as books, journals, articles and websites related to Waqf are reviewed. The paper also examines the successful examples of Sukuk-Waqf as part of the analysis.


Marawi city, Philippines, Perpetual sukuk, Waqf, Waqf sukuk, Islamic finance, City reconstruction


Mohd Shukri, Nur Diyanah Syakirah and Ahmad Zamri, Siti Nuralina and Muneeza, Aishath and Ghulam, Hanif. (2019). Waqf development in Marawi city via issuance of perpetual waqf sukuk. International Journal of Management and Applied Research, 6 (2), pp. 68-80.


New Millennium Discoveries

*Image courtesy of REUTERS/Romeo Ranoco

Share this post